Wooded Ants: Identification Behavior, and Control

Welcome to our in-depth guide on wood ants (Formica spp.), an intriguing species of ants known for their remarkable behaviors and unique characteristics. As top exterminators  in the field, we are excited to share valuable insights into the identification, behavior, and effective extermination techniques for these wood-dwelling insects. Let’s delve into the captivating world of wood ants and equip you with the knowledge to address any infestations effectively.

Wooded Ants


Wood ants, belonging to the genus Formica, are robust insects ranging in size from 4 to 10 millimeters. They have a distinct combination of red, brown, or black bodies, with the coloration varying among different species. Wood ants can be identified by their large, prominent heads, strong mandibles, and unique behavioral traits.

Scientific Name

The scientific name for wood ants is Formica spp., with “Formica” derived from the Latin word for “ant.” The term “spp.” signifies the genus name and indicates that there are multiple species within this group. Some common wood ant species include Formica rufa, Formica polyctena, and Formica pratensis.

Behavior and Habits

Wood ants are known for their impressive nest-building skills and complex social structures. They primarily inhabit wooded areas, constructing large nests made of twigs, leaves, and other plant materials. These nests can reach substantial heights and house multiple interconnected chambers. Wood ants are also adept at foraging and can cover significant distances to gather food for their colonies.

Extermination Techniques

When dealing with wood ant infestations, it’s crucial to employ effective ant extermination techniques. Here are some commonly used methods:

  • Nest Destruction: Identifying and eliminating wood ant nests is essential for long-term control. By locating and destroying the main nest, you disrupt the colony’s stability and reduce their population significantly.
  • Barrier Treatments: Applying insecticides around the perimeter of your property creates a protective barrier that prevents wood ants from entering. This technique is especially useful for deterring foraging workers and limiting their access to food sources.
  • Baiting: Using ant baits can be an effective strategy for targeting wood ants. The baits are designed to attract foragers, who then carry the bait back to the colony, leading to its eventual elimination.


Facing a wood ant infestation and needing effective extermination and prevention, don’t hesitate to contact us, your trusted pest control experts. We have the expertise, tools, and experience to handle the situation and provide you with a pest-free environment.