Sugar Ants: Identification, Habitat, Behavior, and Control

Sugar Ants, scientifically known as Camponotus consobrinus, are small insects that belong to the ant family Formicidae. These ants are attracted to sugary substances, hence their name. They are a common nuisance in households and can be challenging to eliminate without proper knowledge and techniques. This comprehensive guide will provide detailed information on identifying Sugar Ants, their characteristics, behavior, and effective extermination methods.

Sugar Ants

Identifying Sugar Ants


  1. Sugar Ants are relatively large ants, measuring around 4-7 mm in length.
  2. They have a dark brown or black coloration with a shiny and smooth exoskeleton.
  3. Their bodies are segmented into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen.
  4. The ants have a distinctive single node between their thorax and abdomen.

Nesting Habits

Sugar Ants often build their nests outdoors, particularly in soil or rotten wood. They can also establish colonies indoors, such as in wall voids, under floors, or in the kitchen. Inside homes, Sugar Ants are commonly found near food sources, especially sugary substances.

Food Preferences

Sugar Ants strongly prefer sweet foods like sugar, honey, fruits, and syrups. They also feed on other sources of carbohydrates, such as plant sap or nectar from flowers. While they are primarily attracted to sugary substances, they can also consume proteins and fats.

Behavior and Life Cycle

Colony Structure

A typical Sugar Ant colony consists of a queen, workers, and sometimes male ants. The queen is responsible for reproduction and can live for several years. Workers, which are sterile female ants, gather food, care for the young, and defend the colony.

Foraging Behavior

Sugar Ants leave scent trails to communicate with other ants, leading them to food sources. They can form long foraging trails, often seen in kitchen areas or near discarded food. These ants are persistent and can quickly locate new sources of food.

Life Cycle

Sugar Ants undergo complete metamorphosis, including four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The time it takes for an egg to develop into an adult ant can range from weeks to months, depending on environmental conditions and species.

Extermination Techniques

  1. Prevention:
    • Store food in airtight containers and clean up spills promptly.
    • Seal cracks and crevices where ants can enter your home.
    • Keep your kitchen and dining areas clean and free of food debris.
  2. Non-Toxic Methods:
    • Use natural deterrents like vinegar, lemon juice, or cinnamon, as ants dislike their strong smells.
    • Place ant bait stations near entry points or areas of ant activity to attract and eliminate them.
  3. Professional Extermination:
    • In severe infestations or persistent cases, it is advisable to seek the assistance of professional extermination services.
    • Experienced pest control technicians can identify the extent of the infestation and effectively employ targeted treatments to eradicate Sugar Ants.


Exterminate Sugar Ants for Good! Contact our professional extermination service to schedule a thorough inspection and tailored treatment plan to eliminate Sugar Ants from your home.