What is a Stag Beetle?
Stag Beetles are a group of about 1,200 species of beetles in the family Lucanidae, widely distributed worldwide. The name ‘stag beetle’ derives from the male’s large jaws, which resemble the antlers of stags.
How to Identify Stag Beetles
Stag beetles vary greatly in size, ranging from 2 cm to over 12 cm. Males are easily recognizable by their large, curved mandibles, resembling the antlers of stags. Females, in comparison, have smaller, much less conspicuous mandibles.
Their body color is typically black, dark brown, or maroon. Some species also have a shiny or metallic appearance.
Latin Name of Stag Beetles
The Latin name for the stag beetle family is Lucanidae. The European Stag Beetle, one of the best-known species, is known as Lucanus cervus. The Giant Stag Beetle native to the U.S is called Lucanus elaphus.
Extermination Techniques for Stag Beetles
Stag Beetles generally aren’t harmful to humans or property, so extermination isn’t usually necessary. However, if their population becomes overwhelming, you might need to take some control measures.
- Natural Predators: Introducing natural predators, like birds, can control stag beetle populations effectively.
- Pesticides: Pesticides can be effective but should be used with caution to avoid harming non-target species or damaging the environment.
- Trapping: Traps designed specifically for beetles can also be used.
- Professional Pest Control Services: If the infestation is large or the above methods aren’t effective, consider hiring a professional pest control service.
Stag beetles can pinch with their large mandibles, particularly the males. However, they are not typically aggressive unless threatened.
Adult stag beetles primarily feed on tree sap. Larvae, on the other hand, consume decaying wood.
Some species of stag beetles are threatened or endangered, mainly due to habitat loss. In many places, including the UK, it is illegal to kill or remove these beetles.