Mosquitoes: Overview, Classification, Harmful Effects and Extermination Techniques

Mosquitoes (family Culicidae) are a common nuisance and a concern for many homeowners. As expert exterminators, we provide you with a detailed guide to understanding mosquitoes, their identification, behavior, and effective control methods. With over 3,500 known species of mosquitoes in the world, it’s important to be informed about the specific types that can be found in your area. In the United States, common mosquito species include Culex mosquitoes, Anopheles mosquitoes, and Aedes mosquitoes. Armed with this knowledge, you can better protect your family and create a comfortable, mosquito-free environment for everyone to enjoy.


Discover Different Mosquitoes Species

There are numerous ant species. Below are critical facts about each of the mentioned species. The genus names are given where applicable, but note that some of these names may apply to several species within a genus.

Harmful Effects of Mosquitoes

  1. Disease Transmission: Mosquitoes are known to transmit numerous diseases to humans and animals. Some of the most notable mosquito-borne diseases include malaria, dengue fever, Zika virus, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, and encephalitis. These diseases can cause severe illness, long-term complications, and in some cases, even death.
  2. Allergic Reactions: Mosquito bites can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. The bites can result in redness, swelling, itching, and discomfort. Some people may also experience more severe allergic reactions that require medical attention.
  3. Economic Impact: Mosquito-borne diseases can have significant economic consequences. Outbreaks of diseases like malaria can result in increased healthcare costs, reduced productivity, loss of tourism revenue, and economic instability in affected regions.
  4. Veterinary Concerns: Mosquitoes also pose a threat to animals, including pets, livestock, and wildlife. They can transmit diseases such as heartworm in dogs and horses, leading to serious health issues and even death.

Facts About Mosquitoes

  1. Mosquitoes have been around for millions of years and are believed to have existed since the Jurassic period.
  2. Only female mosquitoes bite humans and animals. They require blood for the development of their eggs, while male mosquitoes feed on nectar and plant juices.
  3. Mosquitoes are attracted to their hosts by various factors, including body heat, carbon dioxide, and certain chemicals produced by our skin.
  4. The buzzing sound we hear when mosquitoes are nearby is produced by the beating of their wings, which can flap at a remarkable speed of about 500 times per second.
  5. Mosquitoes are considered one of the deadliest creatures on Earth due to their ability to transmit diseases. Malaria alone causes millions of human deaths each year.
  6. Mosquitoes have been found to be attracted to certain blood types more than others. People with Type O blood tend to be more attractive to mosquitoes compared to those with Type A or Type B blood.
  7. Mosquitoes are capable of detecting their hosts from a distance of up to 50 meters, using a combination of chemical and visual cues.

Extermination Techniques for Mosquitos

  1. Source Reduction: One effective method to combat mosquitoes is through source reduction. By eliminating or treating standing water sources such as stagnant ponds, birdbaths, flowerpot saucers, clogged gutters, and discarded containers, you can significantly reduce mosquito breeding grounds and their population.
  2. Larvicides: Another approach is the application of larvicidal treatments to standing water. These treatments target mosquito larvae, preventing them from developing into adult mosquitoes. It is an effective preventive measure to disrupt the mosquito life cycle and reduce their numbers.
  3. Adult Mosquito Control: To directly target adult mosquitoes, various methods can be employed. Fogging or spraying insecticides in outdoor areas can help control the adult mosquito population, especially in large outdoor spaces. Additionally, mosquito traps can be used to attract and capture adult mosquitoes, reducing their presence in the immediate area.
  4. Biological Control: Introducing natural predators of mosquitoes can be an environmentally friendly approach to control their population. For example, introducing mosquito-eating fish like Gambusia affinis or using biological agents like Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (BTI) that specifically target mosquito larvae can help reduce their numbers.
  5. Habitat Modification: Modifying the environment to make it less favorable for mosquitoes can also be an effective strategy. This can include trimming vegetation, removing unnecessary clutter, and keeping grass and shrubs well-maintained to minimize resting areas for mosquitoes.
  6. Professional Pest Control: If you’re dealing with a persistent mosquito problem or require expert assistance, it is recommended to contact Arete Pest Control. Their experienced technicians can assess your situation, provide tailored solutions, and effectively eliminate mosquitoes from your property.


Protect your family from mosquito-borne diseases by taking proactive measures against these persistent pests. Contact our professional exterminators today for effective mosquito control solutions.